“Never help a child with a task at which he feels he can succeed.”
– Dr Maria Montessori
Montessori is a method of education named after Dr. Maria Montessori. She was the first woman in Italy to obtain the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Because she was a doctor, Maria Montessori looked at education from a scientific level. She believed that education should prepare a person for all aspects of life. She designed materials and techniques that would promote a natural growth of learning in students. They are common to all Montessori classrooms. Working with these materials and techniques forms a pattern that children carry over naturally to reading, writing, and mathematics.
There is nothing quite like the authentic Montessori Method for early childhood education. This unique approach enables children to discover their true potential and develop an organized, engaged, and focused mind. The experience prepares them to be curious, lifelong learners, as well as good citizens, future innovators, and able leaders.
The Montessori program offered at the early childhood level, ages 3 to 6 years, is based on traditional Montessori principles. Specially designed materials and learning resource provides interesting and valuable learning opportunities for children at a self directed pace. The teacher relies on her observations of the children to determine new activities and materials she may introduce to an individual child or to a small or large group. The aim is to encourage active, self-directed learning.
The Prepared Environment of a Primary Montessori classroom is designed to stimulate each child’s curiosity and instill a lifelong love of learning. Children work at their own pace and choose their own activities.
The Montessori classroom offers endless opportunities and activities in the areas of Practical Life, Sensorial, Language, Math and various other items of human culture (Geography, Art, Music, and Science etc.).
Execises of Practical Life
Practical Life activities are unique to a Montessori classroom. By working on real-life tasks, children develop their independence, coordination, and concentration, through a variety of activities that explore daily activities such as eating, dressing, and cleaning. Teachers demonstrate these tasks that explore caring for the environment and the self, encouraging responsibility and promoting self-esteem.
Sensorial Materials are designed to sharpen senses and enable deeper understanding of sensations. They help children become aware of details through, first, strongly contrasted sensations (red vs. blue), and then, through variously graded sensations (various shades of blue). Materials isolate a single quality: color, weight, shape, texture, size, sound, smell, etc., for children to train their focus.
One of the most important aspects of a Montessori classroom is its interactive, collaborative, and social nature.
What is the difference between traditional method of education and the Montessori method of education?
|Teacher is the focus of the classroom||Teacher has an unobtrusive role in the classroom. Teacher introduces activities to children and then lets them pursue their own interests, while observing their progress.|
|Mainly group instruction||Mainly individual instruction|
|Teachers select the subject to be taught||Children select their own activities, at their pace|
|Same-age group||Mixed-age group|
|The teacher is in charge of lessons||Children learn from each other|
|Timed lessons, activities, and class schedules||Child works as long as they want on chosen projects, enabling focus and concentration|
|Child errors are usually pointed out by the teacher||The teacher guides children toward self-realization and self-correction|
|Learning is reinforced externally by repetition and rewards||Child reinforces learning through repetition of an activity|